If you want to know what antiparasitic drugs are available to treat cryptosporidiosis, then most likely it means that you, your child or a closed one has cryptosporidiosis – an intestinal disease that usually affects the stomach and intestines.
The cause of this disease is a parasite Cryptosporidium, which can live in the person’s stomach and intestines and cause such symptoms as:
- decreased appetite;
- diarrhea with spasms;
- nausea with or without vomiting;
- decrease in body weight;
- abdominal discomfort and pain;
- pain in the abdominal muscles and other parts of the body.
In rare cases, patients are diagnosed with pulmonary or tracheal cryptosporidiosis. This type of infection is accompanied by severe intestinal symptoms and characterized by cough.
Patients infected with Cryptosporidium parasite may not experience any unpleasant symptoms. It is not uncommon. Infection appears, then progresses and disappears without causing any symptoms.
Cryptosporidiosis symptoms are usually unpleasant, but not severe in healthy people. However, if the patient’s immunity is weakened, there is a risk of developing a severe, chronic and debilitating illness.
Many people wonder – “What antiparasitic drugs are available to treat cryptosporidiosis?” They do not exist. Cryptosporidiosis, also known as crypto, is included in the list of parasitic infections that currently do not respond to treatment with known drugs.
Because of the lack of antiparasitic drugs active against Cryptosporidium, most patients with crypto will be better without any pharmaceutical intervention or special treatment. However, a doctor can give you advice on how to reduce the infection symptoms.
It is useful to consume:
- lots of fluids to prevent dehydration during diarrhea;
- foods that are easily digested without overloading the gastrointestinal tract.
Most people begin to feel sick 4 to 10 days after becoming infected with this parasite (range 1-28 days). Such symptom as diarrhea occurs in about 50% of the infected patients.
Symptoms last for 7-14 days, then gradually weaken and completely disappear. In rare cases, clinical signs of cryptosporidiosis may return after the patient has recovered.
It is possible that people, who ask which antiparasitic drugs are available to treat cryptosporidiosis, will be able to buy them in the near future. The global pharmaceutical company Novartis (Switzerland) has reported the discovery of a substance called KDU731, which is the candidate for the first drug for the cryptosporidiosis treatment.
It has already been proven that KDU731 is effective against Cryptosporidium parasite. Currently, safety studies are conducted. If they are successful, long-term clinical trials, including those involving people, will begin.
Until KDU731 or another drug passes all the necessary clinical trials and goes on sale, the best treatment of cryptosporidiosis is prevention. You can reduce the chances or protect yourself from this intestinal disease in a variety of ways.
The most simple and obvious recommendations are:
- handwashing with soap before and after eating or cooking, changing diapers, as well as caring for a patient with diarrhea;
- avoiding use of untreated water especially when traveling in places where water supply can be unsafe.
Cryptosporidiosis is found all over the world and is usually transmitted by the fecal-oral route. Direct transmission from pets to people is common occurrence.
If you are offered to order antiparasitic drugs that are available to treat cryptosporidiosis online, do not believe these promises. Drugs, as well as vaccines for cryptosporidiosis are absent, although they are being actively developed.